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'unexpected weakening in labor market could warrant a policy response' Fed Chair Powell



03/24/2024 12:00:00 [BN] Bloomberg News Powell Ready to Support Job Market Even If Inflation Lingers Fed chief says ‘unexpected’ weakening could prompt rate cuts Fed shift is good news for Biden and financial markets By Rich Miller (Bloomberg) -- 
As inflation surged in 2022, the Federal Reserve moved to prevent a wage-hike spiral by jacking up interest rates. Now, with unemployment edging up, the central bank is signaling a willingness to cut rates to head off a job-cutting spiral – even if that means somewhat higher inflation for a while. 
For the first time in the current economic upswing, Fed Chair Jerome Powell used his opening statement at Wednesday’s press conference to declare that a surprise increase in unemployment could prompt the Fed to lower rates. He then repeated that message several times in response to reporters’ questions.
 While the Fed is waiting to be sure its inflation battle is won before cutting rates, “an unexpected weakening in the labor market could also warrant a policy response,” he said after its two-day policy meeting.
 Inflation has eased “notably in the past year but remains above our longer-run goal of 2%,” Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said to reporters in Washington. The FOMC left the benchmark federal funds rate in a range of 5.25% to 5.5%.
 Powell said he didn’t see any cracks in the job market now, but some economists are not so sanguine. They point to marked increases in joblessness in a number of states, continued declines in temporary staffing and reduced working hours. 
Regardless, Powell and his colleagues are well aware that what looks to them to be a solid labor market can quickly turn sour: Historically, once unemployment starts climbing, it goes up by a lot, as companies follow each other in announcing layoffs.
 By holding out the possibility of lower rates if the labor market weakens unduly, Powell seems to be trying to shortcircuit that process. It’s “about not wanting the unemployment rate to get momentum,” said former Fed economist Wendy Edelberg, director of the Brookings Institution’s Hamilton Project. Powell can leave the door ajar to easier credit because inflation is “within spitting distance” of the Fed’s 2% target, she said.
The Fed doesn’t have to hammer the labor market to get price rises under control and instead can opt to live with slightly higher inflation for a few years, she added. “We’re strongly committed to bringing inflation down to 2% over time,” Powell said. “But we stress, over time.” 
That’s good news for President Joe Biden as he seeks a second term. Voters already have a dim view of his handling of the economy. A big rise in joblessness would only fuel that perception ahead of November’s election.
It’s also good news for investors. With inflation down from sky-high levels two years ago, the Fed is now in a position to provide more backing to the economy – and by extension, financial markets. “Central banks are taking out some insurance to help the growth side of their mandate, particularly here in the US,” Sophia Drossos, economist and strategist at global asset manager Point72, told Bloomberg Television Friday. “That’s very supportive of risk assets.”
 Job Slowdown
 
Fed officials’ latest economic projections show they’re expecting a rise in unemployment this year, but not by all that much. Policymakers see the jobless rate rising to an average of 4% in the last quarter of 2024, from a two-year high of 3.9% in February, according to their median forecast.
 With companies curbing hiring, the Fed is cognizant of the risk that a spate of layoffs could lead to “fairly quick increases” in unemployment, Powell said. But he added he doesn’t see that happening, pointing in particular to the “very low” level of jobless claims.
 Some economists though do detect signs of a slowdown in the job market. Twenty states have registered increases in unemployment sizable enough to trigger the so-called Sahm recession rule, according to calculations by UBS Securities Chief US Economist Jonathan Pingle, one of a dwindling number of analysts still forecasting a recession this year. They include New York, California and the political swing states of Arizona and Wisconsin. 


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